Megaproject generates energy and savings in Egypt
The construction of three combined cycle power plants in record time increased the country’s capacity by 40%
Known for its history and tourist sites, Egypt has been undergoing a transformation over the past years. The country’s modernization presents major challenges: among them, the reliable supply of energy to a population of 92 million people, which grew 17 million in the last decade.
The Egypt Megaproject was a challenge. Spearheaded by Siemens AG and local partners, the project added 14.4 GW to the country’s energy supply capacity - a 40% increase -, which is already supplying the nation’s people and industrial sector. The direct consequence is that 100% of the Egyptian population now has access to electricity.
“The record-breaking completion of our Megaproject in Egypt will not only transform the power landscape in Egypt, but will also serve as a blueprint for building up power infrastructure in the Middle East and all over the world,” said Joe Kaeser, President and CEO of Siemens AG.
The project, executed in collaboration with the local government and consortium partners El Sewedy Electric and Orascom Construction, includes three combined cycle power plants with state-of-the-art power generation technology and 12 windfarms with approximately 600 turbines. More than 1.6 million tons of material were used to build the project. More than 20,000 workers and technicians also participated and helped in the professional skill building of 5,500 Egyptians.
In addition to increasing the country’s energy capacity, the entire operation was structured to save on natural and financial resources, helping the country save more than €1.2 billion in fuel costs alone.
What does all this mean for Egypt?
Execution of the project is based on generating energy through thermal power plants fed by oil and natural gas, which are abundant in the country, and that are used in a highly efficient manner. To make the operation more sustainable and economical, Siemens’ H-class technology was utilized.
There was also the installation of large wind farm projects for up to 2000 MW in the Gulf of Suez and West Nile, all energized by Siemens Direct Drive Wind Turbine Generators.
The country’s transmission network was also expanded and modernized with the construction of a GIS substation. To further enhance and maintain a reliable national grid, a detailed written stability study was also carried out to investigate the efficiency and stability of the current electricity grid to pinpoint critical bottlenecks and provide scenario definition, network performance, and analysis for 2015 and the decades ahead.
A nine-year service and maintenance agreement was also signed for the three power plants to help ensure the long-term reliability, availability and optimal performance of the units. The service and maintenance operations will be supported by Siemens digital services products and offerings, tapping into the company’s advanced data analytics.
Multiple technologies, one solution
Projects of any size require a flexible portfolio. Power plants, wind and steam turbines, generators, instrumentation and control systems, and smart grid strategies all offer powerful, adaptable, reliable, and clean energy delivered according to real-time demand. Moreover, upgrading and retrofitting existing infrastructure also serves to return older power plants to peak efficiency.
In record time
Just 18 months after the signing of the contract, the Egyptian population can already enjoy the benefits generated by the Megaproject. Siemens AG was able to deliver in record time the switchgear responsible for adding 4.8 GW to the Egyptian grid.
On July 24, 2018 the Egyptian Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy, Siemens and its consortium partners, Orascom Construction and Elsewedy Electric, announced the completion of the Egypt Megaproject in record time. The stations will add a total of 14.4 GW of power generation capacity to Egypt’s national grid, enough power to supply up to 40 million people with reliable electricity. With this milestone, Egypt and Siemens have set a new world record for execution of modern, fast-track power projects, delivering 14.4 GW of power in only 27.5 months. A single combined cycle power plant block with a capacity of 1.200 megawatts typically takes approximately 30 months for construction. For the Egypt Megaproject, Siemens in parallel built 12 of these blocks in record time and connected them to the grid.
Everything large scale
Together with its Egyptian partners Elsewedy Electric and Orascom Construction, Siemens built three 4.8 GW gas-fired combined cycle power plants. Each one of the three power plants (Beni Suef, Burullus and New Capital) will operate with 24 Siemens H-class gas turbines, selected for their high production capacity and efficiency, saving on natural and financial resources. The scope of the supply also includes 12 steam turbines, 36 generators, 24 heat recovery steam generators and three 500 kV gas insulated switchgear.
Eyeing best practices
In August of this year, Siemens established yet another energy partnership with the Egyptian government. Over the next five years, the company will study the Egyptian Electricity Transmission Company’s (EETC) transmission network to identify the feasibility of implementing different advanced energy technologies.
The goal is always to update the country with best practices for the sector. The studies will analyze the potential role of smart technologies to transform the grid, as it continues to reflect the changes in the way energy is generated, distributed, managed and also stored. To ensure know-how transfer and local capacity building, the study will include a comprehensive training program for the EETC planning team, which will jointly execute the various studies together with Siemens. Also, new software tools and modules of Siemens’ PSS® Product Suite will be deployed to increase the capabilities of the EETC planning team.
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